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聽故事學4000英語詞匯119:太陽能汽車賽

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广东36选7好彩3开奖奖金多少 www.oabxa.com 4000 Essential English Words 4 Paul Nation

4000英語核心詞匯4 保羅·納森

Unit 29 Word List

第29單元 單詞表

automobile n.

汽車

An automobile is a car.

指汽車。

→ The first automobiles were very different from the ones that exist today.

第一輛汽車與今天的汽車大不相同。

candidate n.

候選人

A candidate is a person who is competing to win something such as a job.

為贏得某件事而競爭的人,比如工作。

→ Alice is the best candidate for the job.

艾麗絲是這份工作的最佳人選。

confidential adj.

機密的

If something is confidential, it must be kept secret.

必須保密的。

→ The information from the meeting is confidential.

會議的信息是保密的。

corporate adj.

共同的

If something is corporate, it is related to a large business.

與一個大企業有關的。

→ Tom enjoys working in the corporate world.

湯姆喜歡在公司工作。

enhance v.

加強

To enhance something is to make it better.

使變得更好。

→ Amy's blue shirt really enhances the color of her eyes.

艾米的藍色襯衫使她眼睛的顏色更鮮艷了。

era n.

時代

An era is a period of time that has something special about it.

一段有特殊意義的時期。

→ During the medieval era, knights wore protective armor.

在中世紀,騎士們穿著防護盔甲。

guideline n.

指導方針

A guideline is a rule about how to do something.

關于如何做某事的規則。

→ Before they began the project, the teacher gave them some guidelines.

在他們開始這個項目之前,老師給了他們一些指導。

incorporate v.

合并

To incorporate is to add something to another thing.

把一些東西加到另一個東西上。

→ I decided to incorporate a new ingredient into my cake recipe.

我決定在我的蛋糕成分中加入一種新的配料。

interact v.

互相影響

To interact is to talk to or do something with another person.

指和另一個人交談或做某事。

→ The kids began to interact when the adults left the room.

當大人們離開房間時,孩子們開始互動。

interval n.

間隔

An interval is the time between two things happening.

發生在兩件事之間的時間。

→ Tony rested for brief intervals while he worked in the yard.

托尼在院子里干活時休息了一會兒。

mobile adj.

可移動的

If something is mobile, it can be moved easily.

可以很容易地移動的。

→ Mobile phones are popular because you can take them anywhere.

手機很受歡迎,因為可以隨身攜帶。

modify v.

修改

To modify something is to change it a little bit.

稍微修改一下。

→ I modified my outfit by adding a belt to it.

我給我的衣服加了一條腰帶。

parallel adj.

平行的

If two things are parallel, they are the same distance away from each other.

兩者之間的距離是相同的。

→ There are two yellow parallel lines dividing both sides of traffic.

有兩條黃色的平行線把路分開。

phenomenon n.

現象

A phenomenon is something that can be seen as it is happening.

可視的正在發生的。

→ I was amazed when I saw the phenomenon of shooting stars.

當我看到流星的現象時,我感到很驚奇。

pollute v.

污染

To pollute means to make air, water, or land dirty, unclean, or foul.

指使空氣、水或土地變得骯臟、不干凈或腐爛。

→ The careless factory polluted the river with chemicals.

那家粗心大意的工廠用化學物質污染了這條河。

ridicule v.

嘲笑

To ridicule is to make fun of something in a mean way.

用卑鄙的方式取笑某事。

→ The other students ridicule Peter's foreign accent.

其他學生嘲笑彼得的外國口音。

solar adj.

太陽的

If something is solar, it is related to the sun.

與太陽有關的。

→ Using solar energy is good for the environment.

使用太陽能對環境有好處。

territory n.

領土

A territory is a piece of land that belongs to a country but isn't a state.

一塊屬于一個國家而不是一個國家的土地。

→ Gibraltar is a territory of Great Britain.

直布羅陀是大不列顛的領土。

tournament n.

錦標賽

A tournament is a competition, usually with many people participating.

一種競賽,通常有很多人參加。

→ My dad is playing in a golf tournament tomorrow.

我爸爸明天要參加高爾夫球錦標賽。

transportation v.

運輸

Transportation is any type of vehicle that can carry people or things.

任何一種可以運載人或物的交通工具。

→ I don't have a car, so my normal transportation is the train.

我沒有車,所以我的正常交通工具是火車。

The Solar Car Race

太陽能汽車賽

We live in a mobile society. But the cars we drive require too much gas, plus they pollute the air. Eventually, the natural resources used to make gas will run out. So what happens then? Many people think solar-powered automobiles are the answer. To learn more about this type of transportation, teams from universities and corporate organizations gather in Australia every two years for a solar car race.

我們生活在一個流動的社會。但是我們開的汽車需要太多的汽油,而且還會污染空氣。最終,用于制造天然氣的自然資源將會耗盡。然后呢?許多人認為太陽能汽車是答案。為了更多地了解這種交通方式,來自大學和企業組織的團隊每兩年聚集在澳大利亞參加一次太陽能汽車比賽。

The race is called the World Solar Challenge. Candidates for this tournament must design their own cars. The teams keep all their plans confidential. They don't interact with other teams because the race is very competitive. And these cars aren't just enhanced and modified versions of normal cars. They are completely different.

這項比賽被稱為“世界太陽能挑戰賽”。參加這次比賽的選手必須自己設計汽車。這些團隊對他們所有的計劃都保密。他們不與其他團隊互動,因為競爭非常激烈。這些汽車不僅僅是普通汽車的升級和改裝版本。它們是完全不同的。

The cars only have room for one person and are very simple inside—they don't even have a cushion for the driver to sit on. These cars are shorter and much more flat than normal cars. Most importantly, the cars incorporate solar panels onto the outside that lie parallel to each other. These panels are made from materials that take in light from the sun and turn it into electric energy. That's how they move.

這些車只能坐一個人,而且車內裝飾很簡單——甚至沒有供司機坐的坐墊。這些汽車比普通汽車更短平。最重要的是,這些汽車將太陽能電池板安裝在彼此平行的外部。這些太陽能板是由吸收太陽光并將其轉化為電能的材料制成的。這就是車的動力來源。

These cars race over 3,000 kilometers across the Australian territories. The drivers have to heed strict guidelines. They must stop at certain intervals to charge their batteries. And unlike normal race cars, they can't go very fast. They have to drive at the normal speed limits. Although the drivers want to finish the race quickly, that is not the main goal. The objective is to see how well the cars work under normal driving conditions.

這些汽車的賽程是三千多公里。司機必須遵守嚴格的駕駛規則。他們必須在一定的時間間隔停下來充電。而且不像普通的賽車,它們跑不快,而是必須以正常速度行駛。雖然車手們想盡快完成比賽,但這并不是他們的主要目標。我們的目標是觀察這些汽車在正常駕駛條件下的性能。

Because of the World Solar Challenge, a new era in car making and in driving is beginning. People may ridicule the solar cars because they look strange, but this is a phenomenon that isn't going away. Using the technology from the vehicles, car makers will eventually create solar cars for the rest of us.

由于這項挑戰,一個汽車制造和駕駛的新時代開始了。人們可能會嘲笑太陽能汽車奇怪的外觀,但這是以后的趨勢。利用這些汽車的技術,汽車制造商最終將生產出面對大眾的太陽能汽車。

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