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聽故事學4000英語詞匯105:太空狗萊卡

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聽英語故事,學記英語單詞。4000英語實用詞匯,盡在每個故事中。
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广东36选7好彩3开奖奖金多少 www.oabxa.com 4000 Essential English Words 4 Paul Nation

4000英語核心詞匯4 保羅·納森

Unit 15 Word List

第15單元 單詞表

although conj.

盡管,雖然

You use although to say that one thing is contrasted by another.

用來表示一件事與另一件事形成對比。

→ Although she was late, her friends gave her a warm welcome.

雖然她遲到了,她的朋友們還是熱烈歡迎她。

apply v.

涂,敷

To apply something means to put it on.

表示將某物放于上面。

→ She always applies makeup to her face before going outside.

她出門前總要化妝。

await v.

等候,等待

To await something means to wait for it.

等待某事。

→ The players awaited the judge's decision.

運動員們等待著裁判的裁決。

beloved adj.

心愛的;摯愛的

When something is beloved, it is very special and you like it very much.

表示非常喜歡某物。

→ The boy took a nap next to his beloved cat.

男孩在他心愛的貓旁邊打了個盹。

bury v.

埋葬;隱藏

To bury someone or something means to put them in the ground.

把某事或某人埋在地下。

→ They buried their grandfather under his favorite tree after he died.

祖父去世后,他們把他埋在他最喜歡的樹下。

climate n.

氣候

A climate is the usual weather in a place.

指一個地方通常的天氣。

→ The climate in the desert is very hot.

沙漠里的氣候很熱。

complain v.

抱怨;控訴

When you complain, you say that you are unhappy about something.

表示對某事不開心。

→ The workers complained that they were being treated unfairly.

工人們抱怨他們受到不公平的待遇。

confuse v.

使混亂;使困惑

To confuse someone means to make them feel like they are unsure.

讓某人感到不確定的。

→ The sign confused the traveler because it pointed in two directions.

這個標志把旅行者弄糊涂了,因為它指向兩個方向。

due adj.

到期的;預期的

When something is due, it is expected to happen or be done at that time.

表示某件事被期望在那個時候發生或被完成。

→ The papers were due on the 19th.

論文截止日期是19日。

entire adj.

全部的

When you talk about an entire thing, you are talking about the whole thing,

表示一整個的。

→ He was so hungry that he ate the entire pizza by himself.

他餓得一個人把整個披薩都吃了。

establish v.

建立,創立

To establish something means to create it.

創造某物。

→ He wanted to establish a club for people to help the Earth.

他想建立一個幫助地球的俱樂部。

furnace n.

火爐,熔爐

A furnace is a place where heat is made.

產生熱量的地方。

→ Mr. Jones came to fix the furnace.

瓊斯先生來修爐子。

leash n.

皮帶

A leash is a rope or chain that is used to lead an animal.

指用來牽動物的繩子或鏈子。

→ A lot of dogs must wear a leash to keep them from running away.

許多狗必須系上皮帶才能不讓它們跑掉。

mature v.

成熟

To mature means to grow up to become an adult.

長大成為一個成年人。

→ When they matured, they became as tall as their parents.

他們長大后變得和父母一樣高。

measure v.

測量;估量

To measure something means to find out the quality, value, or effect of it.

發現某事的質量、價值或效果。

→ The scientists carefully measured the amount of chemicals in the tubes.

科學家們仔細地測量了試管中化學物質的含量。

midst n.

當中,中間

The midst of something is the middle of it.

事物的中心。

→ She was in the midst of cleaning when the telephone rang.

電話鈴響時,她正在打掃房間。

misery n.

痛苦,悲慘

Misery is extreme suffering.

極度的痛苦。

→ There was a lot of misery after Sam lost his dog.

薩姆失去了他的狗后,悲痛欲絕。

prior adj.

先前的;優先的

When something happened prior to something else, it happened earlier.

一件事先于另一件事發生

→ Ron had to wait since he arrived prior to the scheduled meeting time.

羅恩不得不等著,因為他比預定的會議時間早到了。

research n.

研究

Research is close and careful study to discover new things.

指為了發現新事物而進行的密切而仔細的研究。

→ Scientists did a lot of research on the subject of blood type.

科學家們對血型做了很多研究。

variety n.

多樣;種類

A variety of something is a group of many different kinds of it.

由許多不同種類的事物組成的一組。

→ There are a variety of flowers at the shop.

商店里有各種各樣的花。

Laika, the Space Dog

太空狗萊卡

One of the world's most beloved space travelers was also the furriest. Laika was a little dog living on the streets of Moscow, Russia. She matured on the streets because no one would give her a home. She had to learn how to live without eating much. She found ways to keep warm in a very cold climate. Scientists thought a tough dog like Laika would do well in a project they were putting together.

地球上最受歡迎的太空旅行者之一也是最毛茸茸的。萊卡是一只生活在俄羅斯莫斯科街頭的小狗。她在街上長大,因為沒有人收留她。她必須學會如何在不吃太多的情況下生活。她找到了在非常寒冷的氣候中保持溫暖的方法??蒲Ъ頤僑銜窶晨ㄕ庋撓埠汗吩謁欽誚械囊桓魷钅恐謝嶙齙煤芎?。

In a prior launch, Russia had put the first man-made object into space. Now, scientists wanted to see if a living thing could go to space. Although many facts about space had been learned, they weren't enough to help send humans to space safely.

在之前的一次發射中,俄羅斯將第一個人造物體送入太空。現在,科學家們想看看是否有生物能進入太空。盡管人們已經了解了許多有關太空的事實,但它們不足以幫助人類安全進入太空。

Laika and two other dogs were chosen to help scientists with their research. The animals were used in a variety of tests. In the end, though, only Laika would go to space. On November 3, 1957 the Sputnik 2 spaceship was due to leave Earth.

萊卡和另外兩只狗被選來幫助科學家進行研究。這些動物被用于各種各樣的試驗。不過,最終只有萊卡能進入太空。1957年11月3日,斯普特尼克2號宇宙飛船預定離開地球。

Scientists carefully applied wires to Laika's skin to measure her body's reactions once she got into space. Laika also wore a special leash. Without it, she would float around in the spaceship. Soon after, Laika left the planet. Scientists on Earth awaited information from the shin.

科學家們小心翼翼地將電線連接到萊卡的皮膚上,以測量她進入太空后的身體反應。萊卡還戴著一條特殊的皮帶。沒有它,她就會在宇宙飛船里漂浮。不久,萊卡離開了這個星球。地球上的科學家們正在等待來自萊卡脛骨的信息。

But in the midst of so much excitement, something very sad happened. Scientists were able to tell that Laika was under a lot of stress. The trip confused and scared her. Laika's entire ship had become as hot as a furnace. Scientists were powerless to help the dog in her misery. After about five hours, Laika died.

但是在這么多的興奮之中,發生了一件非常悲傷的事情??蒲Ъ頤欠⑾擲晨ㄑ沽艽?。這次旅行使她感到困惑和害怕。萊卡的整艘船都熱得像火爐一樣??蒲Ъ頤俏蘗Π鎦庵還釩諭淹純?。大約五小時后,萊卡死了。

Some have complained that the little dog should never have been used in the mission. Scientists knew that she would not survive the trip. Laika was never buried, but a memorial has been established in Moscow. There are many songs and books about her, too. It seems that Laika became a hero to many people.

一些人抱怨說,這樣的任務不應該選用這樣一只小狗??蒲Ъ頤侵浪薹ㄔ謖獯溫瞇兄行掖嫦呂?。人們無法埋葬萊卡,但莫斯科為它建立了一座紀念碑,也有很多關于她的歌曲和書。萊卡似乎成了很多人心目中的英雄。

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