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名師答疑:詳解deal with的用法

kira86 于2019-06-03發布 l 已有人瀏覽
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本期美國之音名師答疑節目,將會為大家詳解短語deal with的用法。
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广东36选7好彩3开奖奖金多少 www.oabxa.com How Do You Use 'Deal With?'

如何使用“deal with”?

This week we answer a question we received in an email last week from Mohamad from Iran.

本周我們將回復上周收到的從伊朗的穆罕默德發來的電子郵件中提到的問題。

He writes, "I get confused by the meanings of the verb ‘deal with.' Please explain about it if it is possible."

他寫道,“我對動詞”deal with”的含義感到困惑。如果可能的話,請解釋一下。”

Dear Mohamad,Great question! Let's deal with it right away. The verb you asked about is what we call a phrasal verb. We also call them two-part verbs, (or even three-part-verbs). They contain a verb, and adverb, and at times, a preposition.

親愛的穆罕默德:這是個好問題!我們馬上處理吧。你問的這個動詞就是我們所說的短語動詞。我們也稱之為“兩部分動詞”,(甚至是“三部分動詞”)。它們包含一個動詞和一個副詞,有時還包含一個介詞。

One meaning of "deal with" is to take action or do something. We often use "deal with" when talking about solving a problem. For example, let's say someone forgot to close the office window before a rain storm hit.

“deal with” 的含義之一就是采取行動或做某事。在談到解決某個問題時,我們經常使用“deal with”。例如,假設有人在暴雨來襲前忘了關辦公室窗戶。

Listen:Rain came in through that window. Can you deal with it?

讓我們來聽:雨水從那個窗口打進來了。你能處理嗎?

Sure, I'll get a towel and dry it.

當然,我會拿一條毛巾去擦干。

The second person dealt with the problem by cleaning up the water and, hopefully, closing the window!

第二個人通過清理水,但愿還能關窗戶來解決問題!

We also can use "deal with" in relation to buying or selling goods or services.

我們也可以在購買或出售商品或服務時使用“deal with”。

This phone doesn't work - and I just bought it last week.

這個手機無法正常工作——我上周剛買了它。

I've dealt with that company before. I'm sure they'll give you a new one.

我以前和那家公司打過交道(在那家公司買過手機)。我相信他們會給你一個新手機的。

We also use "deal with" when talking about the subject of a report, film, book and other things.

在談論報道、電影、書籍和其他事物等話題時,我們也使用“deal with”。

The report deals with the problem of poverty among children.

該報告是關于兒童貧困問題的。

Stephen Hawking's work dealt with time and the universe.

斯蒂芬霍金的作品涉及時間和宇宙。

The next time you hear or read the verb "deal with," look at the words around it and decide if the meaning is one of these:

下次聽到或讀到動詞“deal with”時,你可以看其前后的單詞,并確定其含義是否為以下之一:

1:take action; 2:trade with; 3:be about;

1:采取行動;2:與…交易;3:有關;

If you want to learn more about verbs like "deal with," search for "phrasal verbs" in our Everyday Grammar TV series.

如果你想了解更多關于像“deal with”之類的動詞,你可以在我們的《每日語法》欄目中搜索“phrasal verbs”(短語動詞)。

I'm Jill Robbins.

吉爾·羅賓斯報道。

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