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BBC隨身英語: 關于廢物回收 這些你真的知道嗎?

zlxxm 于2019-10-31發布 l 已有人瀏覽
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眾所周知,回收再利用可以幫助緩解地球能源緊缺問題,但知道到底什么可以被回收嗎?裝比薩外賣的盒子能回收嗎?本期《隨身英語》帶你看看英國的垃圾回收系統。
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广东36选7好彩3开奖奖金多少 www.oabxa.com A matter of waste

廢物回收一兩事

Should you recycle the box from your takeaway pizza or throw it away? Can you recycle aerosol cans? Is all plastic recyclable? How clued up about recycling are you?

你應該回收外賣披薩的包裝盒還是把它扔掉?氣溶膠罐能回收嗎?所有的塑料都是可回收的嗎?你對回收利用了解多少?

We probably all know that recycling is good for the environment. It saves energy and limits the drain on Earth's resources. But do you know which items you should or shouldn't recycle?

我們可能都知道回收利用對環境有好處。它節約能源,減少地球資源的消耗。但是你知道哪些東西應該回收,哪些不應該回收嗎?

In the UK, we have a well-established system of kerbside recycling. Most people expect to separate recyclable material from general refuse. A typical household recycles paper, cardboard, plastic and glass bottles, foil and drinks cans. Food and garden waste is now also collected. But in the last four years, the number of items rejected for recycling in England has gone up by 84%, mainly as a result of contamination. Many items end up in landfill or being incinerated when, with more care, they could be recycled. The problem often stems from confusion over what and how to recycle.

在英國,我們有一個完善的路邊回收系統。大多數人希望將可回收材料與一般垃圾分開。一個典型的家庭會回收紙、紙板、塑料和玻璃瓶、箔紙和飲料罐。現在也收集食物和花園垃圾。但在過去的四年里,英國拒絕回收的物品數量增加了84%,這主要是由于污染。許多廢料最終會被填埋或焚燒,但只要用心就能發現它們是可以回收利用的。這個問題通常源于對回收什么以及如何回收的困惑。

Across the UK the system of recycling differs between local authorities, and multiple containers are used for different types of recyclables. In one area there may be one large wheelie bin for recycling all household items, another for garden waste, and yet another for general waste. There are also composting food caddies - a small one for the kitchen and a larger one for the kerbside. These use compostable bags for food waste, including tea bags, coffee grindings and egg shells. A few streets away, another council may use a separate container just for glass bottles. Waste collection times vary - either weekly or fortnightly. Each week, you have to remember which bin has to go out. It's all highly confusing.

在英國各地,地方政府的回收系統各不相同,不同類型的可回收物品使用不同的容器。在一個區域可能有一個大的輪狀垃圾桶用于回收所有的家庭用品,另一個用于回收花園垃圾,還有一個用于盛放一般垃圾。此外,還有堆肥食品罐——小的用于廚房,大的用于路邊。它們使用可分解的袋子來處理食物垃圾,包括茶包、咖啡粉和蛋殼。幾條街之外,另一個委員會可能會使用一個單獨的容器來裝玻璃瓶。廢物收集時間周期可以是每周或每兩周。每個星期,你都要記住哪個箱子要拿出去。這些都非常令人困惑。

One of the biggest problems recycling firms face is food contamination. If your plastic milk bottle is empty, it's ok to recycle it, but if it contains a small amount of milk, it could result in contamination of the plastic recycling process. Likewise, paper fibres cannot be recycled if they are contaminated with food, so a cheesy pizza box shouldn't be recycled.

回收公司面臨的最大問題之一是食品污染。如果你的塑料奶瓶是空的,可以回收,但如果它含有少量的牛奶,它可能會導致塑料回收過程的污染。同樣,如果紙纖維被食物污染,就不能回收,所以奶酪披薩盒也不應該回收。

Conscientious consumers are constantly faced with recycling conundrums. You've just finished a carton of juice. Should you remove the plastic cap before recycling the carton? You feel the fate of the planet lies in your hands. My advice:stop worrying and crack open a bottle of beer! …Hang on!…. what should you do with the bottle top?!

有責任心的消費者經常面臨回收難題。剛喝完的一盒果汁,在回收之前,應該把塑料蓋取下來嗎?你覺得地球的命運掌握在你手中。我的建議是:別擔心,開一瓶啤酒!……等等!....瓶蓋該怎么處理?!

 

詞匯表

aerosol

噴霧器

clued up

對某事了解很多,熟知的

kerbside

馬路邊

refuse

廢物,垃圾

foil

錫,箔(紙)

contamination

污染

landfill

垃圾填埋,垃圾填埋場

to incinerate

焚燒

local authority

地方政府

recyclable

可回收的

wheelie bin

帶輪子的垃圾箱

composting

制作堆肥的

caddy

小罐

coffee grindings

咖啡渣

council

市政

paper fibres

紙纖維

conscientious

認真的,用心的

conundrum

難題,復雜的問題

carton

塑料盒

cap

瓶蓋

bottle top

瓶蓋

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